C++ Program to Add Two Matrix Using Multi-dimensional Arrays

This program takes two matrices of order r*c and stores it in two-dimensional array. Then, the program adds these two matrices and displays it on the screen.

To understand this example, you should have the knowledge of following C++ programming topics:

In this program, user is asked to entered the number of rows r and columns c. The value of r and c should be less than 100 in this program.

The user is asked to enter elements of two matrices (of order r*c).

Then, the program adds these two matrices, saves it in another matrix (two-dimensional array) and displays it on the screen.

Example: Add Two Matrices using Multi-dimensional Arrays

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
    int r, c, a[100][100], b[100][100], sum[100][100], i, j;

    cout << "Enter number of rows (between 1 and 100): ";
    cin >> r;

    cout << "Enter number of columns (between 1 and 100): ";
    cin >> c;

    cout << endl << "Enter elements of 1st matrix: " << endl;

    // Storing elements of first matrix entered by user.
    for(i = 0; i < r; ++i)
       for(j = 0; j < c; ++j)
       {
           cout << "Enter element a" << i + 1 << j + 1 << " : ";
           cin >> a[i][j];
       }

    // Storing elements of second matrix entered by user.
    cout << endl << "Enter elements of 2nd matrix: " << endl;
    for(i = 0; i < r; ++i)
       for(j = 0; j < c; ++j)
       {
           cout << "Enter element b" << i + 1 << j + 1 << " : ";
           cin >> b[i][j];
       }

    // Adding Two matrices
    for(i = 0; i < r; ++i)
        for(j = 0; j < c; ++j)
            sum[i][j] = a[i][j] + b[i][j];

    // Displaying the resultant sum matrix.
    cout << endl << "Sum of two matrix is: " << endl;
    for(i = 0; i < r; ++i)
        for(j = 0; j < c; ++j)
        {
            cout << sum[i][j] << "  ";
            if(j == c - 1)
                cout << endl;
        }

    return 0;
}

Output

Enter number of rows (between 1 and 100): 2
Enter number of columns (between 1 and 100): 2

Enter elements of 1st matrix:
Enter element a11: -4
Enter element a12: 5
Enter element a21: 6
Enter element a22: 8

Enter elements of 2nd matrix:
Enter element b11: 3
Enter element b12: -9
Enter element b21: 7
Enter element b22: 2

Sum of two matrix is:
-1   -4
13   10