Kotlin is a statically typed programming language developed by JetBrains for modern multiplatform applications.
Features of Kotlin
- Open source
Kotlin is distributed under Apache License, Version 2.0.
- Interoperable with Java and Android
Using Kotlin instead allows you to cut off the lines of code by approximately 40% (compared to Java).
- Easy to Learn
Kotlin is developed by JetBrains, a company renowned for creating development tools for professionals. No wonder, it is tool-friendly. You can choose any Java IDE or build it from the command line.
It is aimed at removing dangers of null references from the code (a big headache in Java). Also, it is type-safe.
The Present of Kotlin
- At recent Google I/O held on 17 May, 2017, Android team announced Kotlin as an official language for Android apps development.
- Many companies like Netflix, Uber, Trello, Pinterest, Corda etc. are using Kotlin (along with other programming languages) to create applications.
- The number of lines of code increased from 2.1 million to 10 million in an interval of year from 2016 to 2017.
- Though the majority of progress has been made on Java and Android, it's not a Java/Android language. It can compile many Kotlin projects to JS. Similarly, Kotlin/Native is under progress that compiles Kotlin directly to machine code.
The Future of Kotlin
The future plans include the concept of common module in Kotlin. It allows you to develop platform specific functionality for multiplatform development.
Suppose, you are trying to create a mobile app for iOS and Android. For that, you need to use Java, Kotlin programming etc for Android development, and swift, objective-C etc. for iOS development (present situation).
In future, you will be able to write platform specific code (in Kotlin for Android and iOS app) in the implementation module. And, the common module includes common API's and implementation headers (without implementation). This allows you to create both iOS and Android app written in Kotlin.
According to Andrey Breslav, lead language designer and project manager of Kotlin, they already have working prototype of it and shouldn't be very far. However, they are not promising anything yet until the feature is released.
Possible Projects in Future
- Cross-platform game development
- Cross-platform mobile application development
- Server-side and microservices
- Data analysis and machine learning
- Embedded system: Arduino/Raspberry Pi to professional controllers directly.