An even number is an integer that is exactly divisible by 2. Example: 0, 8, -24

An odd number is an integer that is not exactly divisible by 2. Example: 1, 7, -11, 15

## Example #1: Program to Check Even or Odd

```
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
int number;
printf("Enter an integer: ");
scanf("%d", &number);
// True if the number is perfectly divisible by 2
if(number % 2 == 0)
printf("%d is even.", number);
else
printf("%d is odd.", number);
return 0;
}
```

**Output**

`Enter an integer: -7
-7 is odd.`

In the program, integer entered by the user is stored in variable `number`.

Then, whether the number is perfectly divisible by 2 or not is checked using modulus operator.

If the number is perfectly divisible by 2, test expression `number%2 == 0`

evaluates to 1 (true) and the number is even.

However, if the test expression evaluates to 0 (false), the number is odd.

## Example #2: Program to Check Odd or Even Using Conditional Operator

```
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
int number;
printf("Enter an integer: ");
scanf("%d", &number);
(number % 2 == 0) ? printf("%d is even.", number) : printf("%d is odd.", number);
return 0;
}
```