List of all Keywords in C Language

Keywords in C Programming
auto break case char
const continue default do
double else enum extern
float for goto if
int long register return
short signed sizeof static
struct switch typedef union
unsigned void volatile while

Description of all Keywords in C


The auto keyword declares automatic variables. For example:

auto int var1;

This statement suggests that var1 is a variable of storage class auto and type int.

Variables declared within function bodies are automatic by default. They are recreated each time a function is executed.

Since automatic variables are local to a function, they are also called local variables. To learn more visit C storage class.

break and continue

The break statement terminates the innermost loop immediately when it's encountered. It's also used to terminate the switch statement.

The continue statement skips the statements after it inside the loop for the iteration.

for (i=1;i<=10;++i){
   if (i==3)
   if (i==7)
   printf("%d ",i);


1 2 4 5 6

When i is equal to 3, the continue statement comes into effect and skips 3. When i is equal to 7, the break statement comes into effect and terminates the for loop. To learn more, visit C break and continue statement

switch, case and default

The switch and case statement is used when a block of statements has to be executed among many blocks. For example:

    case '1':
    //some statements to execute when 1
    case '5':
    //some statements to execute when 5
    //some statements to execute when default;

Visit C switch statement to learn more.


The char keyword declares a character variable. For example:

char alphabet;

Here, alphabet is a character type variable.

To learn more, visit C data types.


An identifier can be declared constant by using the const keyword.

const int a = 5;

To learn more, visit C variables and constants.


int i;
   printf("%d ",i);
while (i<10)

To learn more, visit C do...while loop

double and float

Keywords double and float are used for declaring floating type variables. For example:

float number;
double longNumber;

Here, number is a single-precision floating type variable whereas, longNumber is a double-precision floating type variable.

To learn more, visit C data types.

if and else

In C programming, if and else are used to make decisions.

if (i == 1)
   printf("i is 1.")
   printf("i is not 1.")

If the value of i is other than 1, the output will be :

i is not 1

To learn more, visit C if...else statement.


Enumeration types are declared in C programming using keyword enum. For example:

enum suit

Here, an enumerated variable suit is created having tags: hearts, spades, clubs, and diamonds.

To learn more, visit C enum.


The extern keyword declares that a variable or a function has external linkage outside of the file it is declared.

To learn more, visit C storage type.


There are three types of loops in C programming. The for loop is written in C programming using the keyword for. For example:

for (i=0; i< 9;++i){
  printf("%d ",i);


0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

To learn more, visit C for loop.


The goto statement is used to transfer control of the program to the specified label. For example:

for(i=1; i<5; ++i)
    if (i==10)
    goto error;
printf("i is not 10");
    printf("Error, count cannot be 10.");


Error, count cannot be 10.

To learn more, visit C goto.


The int keyword is used to declare integer type variables. For example:

int count;

Here, count is an integer variable.

To learn more, visit C data types.

short, long, signed and unsigned

The short, long, signed and unsigned keywords are type modifiers that alter the meaning of a base data type to yield a new type.

short int smallInteger;
long int bigInteger;
signed int normalInteger;
unsigned int positiveInteger;
Range of int type data types
Data types Range
short int -32768 to 32767
long int -2147483648 to 214743648
signed int -32768 to 32767
unsigned int 0 to 65535


The return keyword terminates the function and returns the value.

int func() {
    int b = 5;
    return b;

This function func() returns 5 to the calling function. To learn more, visit C user-defined functions.


The sizeof keyword evaluates the size of data (a variable or a constant).

#include <stdio.h>
int main()
    printf("%u bytes.",sizeof(char));

To learn more, visit C operators.


1 bytes.


The register keyword creates register variables which are much faster than normal variables.

register int var1;


The static keyword creates a static variable. The value of the static variables persists until the end of the program. For example:

static int var;


The struct keyword is used for declaring a structure. A structure can hold variables of different types under a single name.

struct student{
    char name[80];
     float marks;
     int age;
}s1, s2;

To learn more, visit C structures.


The typedef keyword is used to explicitly associate a type with an identifier.

typedef float kg;
kg bear, tiger;


A union is used for grouping different types of variables under a single name.

union student {
    char name[80];
    float marks;
    int age;

To learn more, visit C unions.


The void keyword meaning nothing or no value.

void testFunction(int a) {

Here, the testFunction() function cannot return a value because its return type is void.


The volatile keyword is used for creating volatile objects. A volatile object can be modified in an unspecified way by the hardware.

const volatile number

Here, number is a volatile object.

Since number is a constant, the program cannot change it. However, hardware can change it since it is a volatile object.

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