ASCII stands for American Standard Code for Information Interchange.
It is a numeric value given to different characters and symbols, for computers to store and manipulate. For example, the ASCII value of the letter
'A' is 65.
# Program to find the ASCII value of the given character c = 'p' print("The ASCII value of '" + c + "' is", ord(c))
The ASCII value of 'p' is 112
Note: To test this program for other characters, change the character assigned to the
Here we have used
ord() function to convert a character to an integer (ASCII value). This function returns the Unicode code point of that character.
Unicode is also an encoding technique that provides a unique number to a character. While ASCII only encodes 128 characters, the current Unicode has more than 100,000 characters from hundreds of scripts.
Your turn: Modify the code above to get characters from their corresponding ASCII values using the chr() function as shown below.
>>> chr(65) 'A' >>> chr(120) 'x' >>> chr(ord('S') + 1) 'T'
chr() are built-in functions. Visit here to know more about built-in functions in Python.