C++ Program to Make a Simple Calculator to Add, Subtract, Multiply or Divide Using switch...case

Example to create a simple calculator to add, subtract, multiply and divide using switch and break statement.

To understand this example, you should have the knowledge of following C++ programming topics:

This program takes an arithmetic operator (+, -, *, /) and two operands from an user and performs the operation on those two operands depending upon the operator entered by user.


Example: Simple Calculator using switch statement

# include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
    char op;
    float num1, num2;

    cout << "Enter operator either + or - or * or /: ";
    cin >> op;

    cout << "Enter two operands: ";
    cin >> num1 >> num2;

    switch(op)
    {
        case '+':
            cout << num1+num2;
            break;

        case '-':
            cout << num1-num2;
            break;

        case '*':
            cout << num1*num2;
            break;

        case '/':
            cout << num1/num2;
            break;

        default:
            // If the operator is other than +, -, * or /, error message is shown
            cout << "Error! operator is not correct";
            break;
    }

    return 0;
}

Output

Enter operator either + or - or * or divide : -
Enter two operands: 
3.4
8.4
3.4 - 8.4 = -5.0

This program takes an operator and two operands from user.

The operator is stored in variable op and two operands are stored in num1 and num2 respectively.

Then, switch...case statement is used for checking the operator entered by user.

If user enters + then, statements for case: '+' is executed and program is terminated.

If user enters - then, statements for case: '-' is executed and program is terminated.

This program works similarly for * and / operator. But, if the operator doesn't matches any of the four character [ +, -, * and / ], default statement is executed which displays error message.