Python List copy()

The copy() method returns a shallow copy of the list.

Example

# mixed list
prime_numbers = [2, 3, 5]

# copying a list numbers = prime_numbers.copy()
print('Copied List:', numbers) # Output: Copied List: [2, 3, 5]

copy() Syntax

The syntax of the copy() method is:

new_list = list.copy()

copy() Parameters

The copy() method doesn't take any parameters.


copy() Return Value

The copy() method returns a new list. It doesn't modify the original list.


Example: Copying a List

# mixed list
my_list = ['cat', 0, 6.7]

# copying a list new_list = my_list.copy()
print('Copied List:', new_list)

Output

Copied List: ['cat', 0, 6.7]

If you modify the new_list in the above example, my_list will not be modified.


List copy using =

We can also use the = operator to copy a list. For example,

old_list = [1, 2, 3]
new_list = old_list

Howerver, there is one problem with copying lists in this way. If you modify new_list, old_list is also modified. It is because the new list is referencing or pointing to the same old_list object.

old_list = [1, 2, 3]

# copy list using = new_list = old_list
# add an element to list new_list.append('a') print('New List:', new_list) print('Old List:', old_list)

Output

Old List: [1, 2, 3, 'a']
New List: [1, 2, 3, 'a']

However, if you need the original list unchanged when the new list is modified, you can use the copy() method.

Related tutorial: Python Shallow Copy Vs Deep Copy


Example: Copy List Using Slicing Syntax

# shallow copy using the slicing syntax

# mixed list
list = ['cat', 0, 6.7]

# copying a list using slicing new_list = list[:]
# Adding an element to the new list new_list.append('dog') # Printing new and old list print('Old List:', list) print('New List:', new_list)

Output

Old List: ['cat', 0, 6.7]
New List: ['cat', 0, 6.7, 'dog']

Also Read: NumPy copy()

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