Python complex()

The syntax of complex() is:

complex([real[, imag]])

complex() Parameters

In general, complex() method takes two parameters:

  • real - real part. If real is omitted, it defaults to 0.
  • imag - imaginary part. If imag is omitted, it defaults to 0.

If the first parameter passed to this method is a string, it will be interpreted as a complex number. In this case, the second parameter shouldn't be passed.

Return Value from complex()

As suggested by the name, complex() method returns a complex number.

If the string passed to this method is not a valid complex number, ValueError exception is raised.

Note: The string passed to complex() should be in the form real+imagj or real+imagJ

Example 1: How to create a complex number in Python?

z = complex(2, -3)

z = complex(1)

z = complex()

z = complex('5-9j')



Example 2: Create complex Number Without Using complex()

It's possible to create a complex number without using complex() method. For that, you have to put 'j' or 'J' after a number.

a = 2+3j
print('a =',a)
print('Type of a is',type(a))

b = -2j
print('b =',b)
print('Type of b is',type(a))

c = 0j
print('c =',c)
print('Type of c is',type(c))


a = (2+3j)
Type of a is <class>
b = (-0-2j)
Type of b is <class>
c = 0j
Type of c is <class>

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