JavaScript for... of Loop

In this tutorial, you will learn about JavaScript for...of loop with the help of examples.

In JavaScript, there are three ways we can use a for loop.

The for...of loop was introduced in the later versions of JavaScript ES6.

The for..of loop in JavaScript allows you to iterate over iterable objects (arrays, sets, maps, strings etc).


JavaScript for...of loop

The syntax of the for...of loop is:

for (element of iterable) {
    // body of for...of
}

Here,

  • iterable - an iterable object (array, set, strings, etc).
  • element - items in the iterable

In plain English, you can read the above code as: for every element in the iterable, run the body of the loop.


for...of with Arrays

The for..of loop can be used to iterate over an array. For example,

// array
const students = ['John', 'Sara', 'Jack'];

// using for...of
for ( let element of students ) {

    // display the values
    console.log(element);
}

Output

John
Sara
Jack

In the above program, the for...of loop is used to iterate over the students array object and display all its values.


for...of with Strings

You can use for...of loop to iterate over string values. For example,

// string
const string = 'code';

// using for...of loop
for (let i of string) {
    console.log(i);
}

Output

c
o
d
e

for...of with Sets

You can iterate through Set elements using the for...of loop. For example,

// define Set
const set = new Set([1, 2, 3]);

// looping through Set
for (let i of set) {
    console.log(i);
}

Output

1
2
3

for...of with Maps

You can iterate through Map elements using the for...of loop. For example,

// define Map
let map = new Map();

// inserting elements
map.set('name', 'Jack');
map.set('age', '27');

// looping through Map
for (let [key, value] of map) {
    console.log(key + '- ' + value);
}

Output

name- Jack
age- 27

User Defined Iterators

You can create an iterator manually and use the for...of loop to iterate through the iterators. For example,

// creating iterable object
const iterableObj = {

    // iterator method
    [Symbol.iterator]() {
        let step = 0;
        return {
            next() {
                step++;
                if (step === 1) {
                    return { value: '1', done: false};
                 }
                else if (step === 2) {
                    return { value: '2', done: false};
                }
                else if (step === 3) {
                    return { value: '3', done: false};
                }
                return { value: '', done: true };
            }
        }
    }
}

// iterating using for...of
for (const i of iterableObj) {
 console.log(i);
}

Output

1
2
3

for...of with Generators

Since generators are iterables, you can implement an iterator in an easier way. Then you can iterate through the generators using the for...of loop. For example,

// generator function
function* generatorFunc() {
  
    yield 10;
    yield 20;
    yield 30;
}

const obj = generatorFunc();

// iteration through generator
for (let value of obj) {
    console.log(value);
}

Output

10
20
30

for...of Vs for...in

for...of for...in
The for...of loop is used to iterate through the values of an iterable. The for...in loop is used to iterate through the keys of an object.
The for...of loop cannot be used to iterate over an object. You can use for...in to iterate over an iterable such arrays and strings but you should avoid using for...in for iterables.

The for...of loop was introduced in ES6. Some browsers may not support its use. To learn more, visit JavaScript for...of Support.