Java Hello World Program

You will learn to write "Hello World" program in this article.

A "Hello, World!" is a simple program that outputs Hello, World! on the screen. Since it's a very simple program, it's often used to introduce a new programming language to a newbie.

Let's explore how Java "Hello, World!" program works.

If you want to run this program in your computer, make sure that Java is properly installed. Also, you need an IDE (or a text editor) to write and edit Java code. For that, check How to run Java on your computer?


Java "Hello, World!" Program

// Your First Program

class HelloWorld {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println("Hello, World!"); 
    }
}

If you have copied the exact code, you need save the file name as HelloWorld.java. It's because the name of the class and filename should match in Java. Visit this page to learn: Why are filenames in Java the same as the class name?

When you run the program, the output will be:

Hello, World!

How Java "Hello, World!" Program Works?

  1. // Your First Program

    In Java, any line starting with // is a comment. Comments are intended for person reading the code to better understand the intent and functionality of the program. It is completely ignored the Java compiler (application that translates Java program to Java bytecode that computer can execute). To learn more, visit Java comments.
     
  2. class HelloWorld { ... }

    In Java, every application begins with a class definition. In the program, HelloWorld is the name of the class, and the class definition is:
    class HelloWorld {
    ... .. ...
    }
    For now, just remember that, every Java application has a class definition, and the name of class should match the filename in Java.
     
  3. public static void main(String[] args) { ... }

    This is the main method. Every application in Java must contain a main method. The Java compiler starts executing the code from the main method.

    How does it work? Good question. However, we will not discuss it in this article. After all, it's a basic program to introduce Java programming language to a newbie. We will learn the meaning of public, static, void, and how methods works? in later chapters.

    For now, just remember that main function is the entry point of your Java application, and it's mandatory in a Java program. The signature of main method in Java is:
    public static void main(String[] args) {
    ... .. ...
    }
  4. System.out.println("Hello, World!");

    The following code prints the string inside quotation marks Hello, World! to standard output (your screen). Notice, this statement is inside the main function, which is inside the class definition.

Things to take away

  • Every valid Java Application must have a class definition (that matches the filename).
  • The main method must be inside the class definition.
  • The compiler executes the codes starting from the main function.

This is a valid Java program that does nothing.

public class HelloWorld {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Write your code here
    }
}

Don't worry if you don't understand the meaning of class, static, methods, and so on for now. We will discuss it in detail in later chapters.